The project «Sanaly urpaq»
The project «Sanaly urpaq»
Baltabay Erbol Nursultanuly
Goal: The growth of the population, rejecting manifestations of corruption
Task: 1) Promoting anti-corruption literacy of all subjects in the sphere of education
2) Cultivation of subjects in spheres of education of anti-corruption conduct
3) Transformation of students and trainees into implementers of anticorruption policy
1.Analysis of basic problems. The modern society places high demands to the professional preparedness of students. In the context of the current situation, there is a need for anti-corruption realization of diverse activities, understanding by a person of goals and results of his (her) activity for the society. It implies that the most important part of the educational process is the formation of the thinking of future specialists, based on the principle of rejection of corruption in meeting of any professional and personal challenges. Therefore, there is a need for formation of special form of culture, which takes into account the features of human activity in modern conditions of anticorruption culture. The Republican Public Association "Society of Young Professionals" in the framework of the project "Promoting Potential of the Youth in Kazakhstan, participating in the process of decision-making regarding higher education," which was financed by the European Union, conducted a sociological survey on the corruption in Kazakhstani universities. According to the results of the survey, 55% of respondents have confirmed that corruption is taking place in higher educational institutions, according to the students bribery is the most common for the exam or test. There is also a form of extortion, such as requirement to buy books or learning materials, to render assistance. There is an opacity in the distribution of places in the hostel. To the question: “What measures does administration take, if the students inform about corruption?” - most respondents answered, that they did not know the cases, whenever someone complained about it (46.7%) , some found it difficult to answer (23%), 9 % said that administration ignores such complaints, another 9% of the respondents said that proceedings take place, but then the case is dismissed, only 12% said that administration fires those educators who ask for a bribe. Also, often corruption offenses are the result of poor legal literacy of citizens. Lack of awareness of the rights by citizens gives the right to dirty people to use this opportunity for fraudulent purposes and to profit from it.
2. Ways of solution. Providing systematic and scale-up work with subjects of the project, focusing on enhancing of their legal and anticorruption literacy, formation of consciousness of general rejection of corruption, cultivation of anti-corruption conduct. Transformation of the project into the conductors of anticorruption policy, "agents" of change.
Transparent and open educational institution
Transparent and open educational institutions
Objective: To increase the number of educational institutions whose activities fully comply with the principles of openness and transparency
1) Automation and optimization of business processes of educational organizations
2) Openness and transparency of decision-making by educational organizations
3) Openness and transparency in the formation and expenditure of budgets of educational organizations
1. Analysis of the main problem. The process of developing and making managerial decisions remains one of the most closed ones, and therefore has high corruption risks. Moreover, direct contact of officials with the population in the provision of services is also corrupt. Each educational institution takes many decisions in its activities. For example, in schools decisions are made such as enrolling a child in school, classifying students by grade, assessment of the quality of knowledge, recruitment of teaching staff and distribution of teaching hours between them, transfer to home schooling, etc. The universities make decisions on the allocation of places in dormitories, the allocation of a university grant for free tuition, the transfer to another type of education (distance, evening), the issuance of academic leave, granting of scholarships for studies abroad as part of the student exchange program, etc. Local executive bodies and the authorized body in the sphere of education make decisions on the appointment of heads of educational institutions and distribution of grants between them, etc. It should be noted that the current requirements for candidates for the post of rectors of state universities are very minimal. Each of the decisions, in case if it is made alone, it can become a corruptogenic field, since it can be taken in favor of individuals and possibly for a reward. One of the effective measures to reduce corruption is automation, as it reduces the conditions under which corruption can occur, excludes the human factor and contact. For example, the immediate transfer of attestation results with the help of information technologies to the MES for automatic control over the implementation of the prescribed regulations would reduce the opportunities for corruption manifestations of this kind. However, the information systems operating in Ministry of Education & Science (MES) such as "NEDB" (national educational database), "USMHE" (a unified system for the management of higher education), "CIMS PNFO" (computerized information management system) (per capita normative financing for the organization of education) have not been put into commercial operation and are not being used properly to prevent corruption. Also, according to the Committee on Statistics of the Ministry of National Economy for 2017, Kazakhstan has more than 470,000 students, 131,000 of whom study in Almaty. According to "Zhas Otan" - the youth wing of the ruling party "Nur Otan", 94 student hostels for 30 thousand seats function in Almaty, which means that only one of the four students in the city takes a place in the hostel. In this case, the employees of universities have the opportunity to give preference to individuals. 1.Ways to address them. It is necessary to conduct an analysis of business processes of all types of educational institutions, to form a list of all the decisions they make and develop proposals for ensuring transparency in each decision of educational institutions through their automation, the introduction of the institution of public control, the creation of collegiate bodies, the provision of data openness and other mechanisms. For example, the corruption risks of the procedure for taking exams for students and students can be reduced by introducing depersonalization of answers of examiners through their encryption, as well as differentiation of the functions of training and taking exams between the teachers.
2. The acting and newly created information systems of the Ministry of Education and Science of the education departments of akimats must be integrated with the gateway of the electronic government. To work out and take measures to use the existing information systems to prevent corruption manifestations. In order to improve the effectiveness of the reporting meetings of rectors of national HEIs (higher educational institutions) with the population, it is proposed to approve a standard list of issues that are mandatory for coverage at these meetings, and to extend this tool to all universities and colleges of the country, regardless of their status or type.